Believe in Marxism and Be a Firm Marxist

From: English Edition of Qiushi Journal Updated: 2011-09-21 10:11
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  Believe in Marxism and Be a Firm Marxist

  Chen Kuiyuan

 It is crucial for the future and fate of the Party and the country that we use Marxism to occupy the field of ideology. The issue of primary importance that has always been on the front line of ideological theory is how to approach Marxism. One part of that issue is belief in Marxism. We believe in Marxism because we believe that Marxism expresses scientific truth. Contemporary capitalist theory and their accompanying social systems cannot suppress Marxism, nor can they suppress socialism. Why are some people wavering in their belief in Marxism, socialism and communism? A major historical reason is that some people felt that the world was moving towards convergence following the end of the Cold War and that capitalism, especially US-style capitalism, was the “endpoint of history.” In the end, this is just a product of historical idealism. Another issue is the study of Marxism. Only by studying the basic theories of Marxism can one clearly distinguish between true and false Marxism. The Chinese Revolution and the development of New China show that if we had not studied and used Marxism to guide the Chinese Revolution and Chinese development, there would be no New China, nor would there be a reform and opening up policy or socialism with Chinese characteristics. A third is the issue of adhering to and developing Marxism. Only by adhering to Marxism can one develop Marxism. Developing Marxism while carrying out modernization is the most effective way of adhering to Marxism.

(Originally appeared in Chinese Social Sciences Today, April 29, 2011)

  Promoting Cultural Innovation to Develop Cultural Programs and Cultural Industry 

  Luo Shugang

 Development is the distinctive theme of socialist cultural initiatives, and reform and innovation provides powerful drive for accelerating cultural development. It was pointed out in the Proposal of the CPC Central Committee for Formulating the Twelfth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development that we must promote cultural innovation, deepen reform of the cultural structure, ensure that cultural programs and industry thrive and develop, and promote the thriving development of culture. First is strongly promoting cultural innovation. Culture is the field that most requires innovation since innovation is a fundamental trait of culture. We need to enrich the contents of culture, focusing on producing masterpieces. We also need to promote innovation in the structure of academic disciplines, academic viewpoints and research methodology, focusing on development of philosophy and social sciences. We need to promote innovation in the ways culture is produced and distributed, focusing on efforts to strengthen the expressiveness and influence of culture. Second is constantly deepening reform of the cultural structure. Reform of the cultural structure is a basic way of liberating and developing the productive forces of culture. We need to accelerate the transformation of profit-making cultural institutions into enterprises, truly promote reform of non-profit cultural institutions and actively promote reform of the cultural management structure. Third is promoting the thriving of cultural programs in all respects. Developing non-profit cultural programs is an important purpose and part of developing socialism. We must accelerate development of the system of public cultural services, further develop the news industry and increase protection and utilization of cultural inheritance. Fourth is promoting the sound and rapid development of the culture industry. China’s cultural industry is still in its infancy. The scale of the industry is small and the degree of concentration is low. We need to make strategic adjustments in the structure of the culture industry, ensure that the culture market thrives and actively promote Chinese culture “going global.”

(Originally appeared in Party Development Studies, No.1, 2011)

  Culture Is an Important Factor in Determining a Country’s Future                      

  Ouyang Jian

 The Fifth Plenary Session of the Seventeenth CPC Central Committee defined the overall approach and fundamental strategy for the country’s economic and social development for some time to come. An important piece of information emerged from this: Chinese society is placing an increasingly large emphasis on culture and is moving in a direction that is increasingly conducive to the development of culture. Because of this, cultural development will become an even higher priority, have an even greater space and play an even greater role. This has increased the sense of responsibility and sense of urgency among the Chinese people to accelerate reform of the culture system and promote the thriving development of culture. Culture has taken a more prominent position in the overall work of the country. This is important because culture is a memory of history and even more the choice of the future. In addition to fulfilling people’s spiritual and cultural needs, culture also plays a role in guiding society, teaching people and promoting development. Culture is a fundamental marker differentiating one nation from another. The Fifth Plenary Session of the Seventeenth CPC Central Committee defined goals and tasks for cultural development for now and a certain time to come. This mainly includes three aspects. First is to raise the overall cultural standards of the population through the thriving development of culture, which is the core and fundamental goal of cultural development. Second is to accelerate efforts to promote the thriving development of culture. This requires promoting cultural innovation, which is the basic driving force for cultural development. Third is to strongly promote the development of cultural institutions and enterprises, which is essential to ensure the thriving development of culture and an effective way to promote cultural development.

(Originally appeared in Chinese Cadres Tribune, No.2, 2011)

  Consolidating the Institutional Foundation of the Socialist Market Economy                     

  Liu Guoguang

 A fundamental difference between China’s socialist market economy and a capitalist market economy is the difference in the basic system. The former is based on the basic economic system of the primary stage of socialism, which is different from the private economic system of capitalism. In the basic economic system of the primary stage of socialism, the public sector is dominant, with both the public and private sectors allowed to develop. Practicing this basic economic system is the prerequisite condition for safeguarding the socialist market economy. It was once again stressed at the Fifth Plenary Session of the Seventeenth CPC Central Committee that we must “maintain and improve the basic economic system.” Practicing the basic socialist economic system means that we can never engage in privatization, nor can we have only a public sector. The basic economic system not only requires that the public sector be dominant in the economy, but also requires that the state-owned economy play a guiding role. In order to play this role, the government needs to control the pulse of the national economy to increase the ability of the state-owned sector to regulate the economy, influence economic development and compete in the economy. In addition to helping the government in the planned regulation of the national economy, the state-owned economy has another task, that of ensuring an economic base of social justice and fairness. State-owned assets in the competitive field that are not important in helping the government regulate the economy, but are very important in ensuring social justice and fairness, should also be seen as “important” and “crucial,” and we must strive to handle them well. The private sector has a place in the basic economic system of the primary stage of socialism. We must fully elaborate the positive role of the non-public sector, including the private sector, in promoting the development of the country’s productive forces and create the conditions necessary to allow it to develop.

(Originally appeared in Social Sciences Weekly, January 6, 2011)

  The Basic Historical Experience of the CPC

  Pang Xianzhi

 The rich experience gained by the CPC in its 90 years is a great treasure, so drawing lessons from this experience will provide a powerful drive for the Party. There are three lessons that are most important and most fundamental, and each of these is important for the success or failure and for the life or death of the Party. One is that we must have a correct theoretical guide. This guide consists of the basic principles of Marxism taking into consideration the specific realities of the country, i.e. Marxism adapted to China. Two achievements were made in the process of adapting Marxism to conditions in China, Mao Zedong Thought and the socialist theoretical system with Chinese characteristics. This is a tradition carried forward and constantly developed by us that provides the ideological power to drive forward Chinese history. Two is that we must do everything for the people and rely on the people for everything. The CPC, as a party of the working class, represents the Chinese people and the interests of the entire Chinese nation. This was determined by the dialectical historical outlook and value system of Marxism, which is the source of strength for the CPC. The fundamental objective of the CPC, which is manifested in a concentrated way in the policies of the Party and carried out in the actual practices of every Party member, especially every leading cadre, is to really work for the people, resolve the practical problems of the people and truly benefit the people. Three is to unceasingly work on the Party’s self-development. An important lesson learned by the Party is that we must put ideological development first. The Party needs organizational and institutional guarantees for ideological unity. This institution is the system of democratic centralism. Another important issue in Party development is the development of local Party organizations.

(Originally appeared in People’s Daily, May 4, 2011)

  The CPC Can Have Powerful Vitality

  Shi Zhongquan

 Why does the CPC have powerful vitality? One, the CPC has the advanced nature of representing the interests of the overwhelming majority of the people. Two, the ideological line of the CPC has a correct nature based on the emancipation of mind and seeking truth from facts. Three, the CPC has a high degree of responsibility to the people and the nation and is good at upholding the truth and courageous at correcting its mistakes. Four, the CPC is good at study and innovation. Five, the Party has a superior character of paying close attention to ideological development. Six, the Party has the powerful ability to unite with all forces possible. It is precisely because of the above points that we say that the CPC has strong vitality. Naturally, saying the CPC has strong vitality is not to say that there are no problems in the Party’s situation and that we can sit back on our laurels. The Party is not only facing many challenges, but many issues that need to be carefully addressed. We will only be able to put the public’s mind at ease if we address these issues in a step-by-step manner. Naturally, resolving the many internal Party issues is a long-term, complicated process that cannot be accomplished in a single stroke. However, we must concentrate on resolving major issues of great concern to the general public right now. We must prepare for bad times when times are good, concentrate on resolving the major internal problems of the Party and ensure that the Party always preserves its advanced nature, truly represents the major interests of the greatest majority of the public and sincerely looks out for the greatest majority of the public. As long as we accomplish this, the CPC will certainly have limitless and powerful vitality.

(Originally appeared in Beijing Daily, April 2, 2011)

  The Key to China’s Success in Developing Democracy

  Ye Xiaowen

 US futurist John Naisbitt believes that the Western-style democratic system practiced by the US is a “horizontal democracy.” China, on the other hand, practices a new political model that is compatible with the country’s cultural traditions and national conditions in which there is a balance of top down direction and bottom up initiatives. Unlike Western-style democracy, the democracy of China is a “vertical democracy” rather than a “horizontal democracy.” China has not let itself fall into the factious situation of struggle among political parties in the name of democratic reform. Instead, China has made adjustments within a system of one-party rule and preserves decision-making power at a high level of government by soliciting opinions from every sector of society. This model was obviously an important guarantee for the success of the reform and opening up over the last 30 and more years. John Naisbitt saw that conditions in China played a fundamental role in choosing its political system and saw that the characteristics of “vertical democracy” are the central unified leadership of the CPC and the government in which there is a balance of top down direction and bottom up initiatives. What he failed to see was the reason China can successfully realize “vertical democracy” is because the system of people’s congresses, and the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party reflect the core values and philosophy of socialist democracy—the people as masters of the country. China combines “consultative democracy” and electoral democracy to form a doubly solid democratic structure with Chinese characteristics. It forms a bridge between the public power of the state and the civil society, and promotes a socialist political culture of equality, cooperation, harmony and inclusiveness. And the success of “consultative democracy” is due to the fact that all participants take part on an equal basis and the environment for consultation is friendly. Incorporating political consultation into the decision-making process makes the system of consultation more scientific, open and focused.

(Originally appeared in People’s Daily Overseas Edition, March 4, 2011)

  Correctly Understanding China’s System of Political Parties                                 

  Li Jingzhi

 The system of political parties practiced by China is a system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the CPC, which is different from the two-party or multi-party systems of Western countries and the one-party system practiced by some countries. 

 One, is it undemocratic to not allow different political parties to be in power? Some people believe the system of Western countries with political parties sometimes in power and sometimes out is the most democratic, that all countries should adopt this system and that China’s political restructuring should move in this direction. This view is worth discussing. First, there are a number of different systems of political parties in the world and no unified model. Second, there are serious limitations to the Western-style system of political parties that are sometimes in power and sometimes out that make such a system unsuitable for all countries. Third, China’s system of political parties is an expression of the country’s socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics.

 Two, if one party always stays in power will it inevitably become corrupt? Some people believe that if one party always stays in power it will inevitably become corrupt. How should this issue be viewed? First, you cannot simply attribute greed and corruption to a system of political parties. Second, the reasons behind corruption are complex. Third, the CPC is very determined to prevent and control corruption through strict measures.

 Three, what are the advantages of China’s system of political parties? First, it is extensively representative. Second, it features consultation to reach consensus. Third, it forms a strong core leadership. Fourth, the change of leadership follows set procedures. China’s system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the CPC has developed and survived a number of severe tests over the decades. It is in line with conditions in the country and is an expression of China’s system of political parties under socialism with Chinese characteristics.

(Originally appeared in Party Development, No. 4, 2011)

  Huge Advantages of China’s Political System

  Ma Zhengang

 China’s political system has shown huge advantages in carrying out economic and social development. First is the fact that the foundation of the system is the people and the key consideration in development is putting people first. Realizing, safeguarding and expanding the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people is the purpose and eventual outcome for all initiatives. Development for the people, by the people and with the people sharing in its fruits is an important philosophy of China’s political system. For this reason, the Chinese people have always been very excited about development, releasing a great amount of positive energy to promote development. Second is the fact that under its current political system, China can carry out development with unified planning, full coordination and good order. Development is a macro project that involves many aspects. In a large country with a generally weak base and uneven development between urban and rural areas and among different regions such as China it is especially important that the country is united and carries out scientific design and balanced planning, has clear levels, clearly delineates primary and secondary and continues with implementation. Only a political system such as China’s can truly accomplish this. Third is the fact that China’s political system can mobilize all factors and concentrate resources to accomplish large undertakings. This is extremely important for a developing country. Many of China’s major undertakings and development projects have depended on the system’s advantages. The country’s political system makes it possible to organize the resources of the entire country and mobilize all factors to mount a rapid and effective response when the country is hit by serious natural disasters to keep the damage at a minimum and overcome all difficulties. Fourth is the fact that China’s political system is constantly improving and keeps up with the times, not static and rigid. When problems arise, the system allows us to carefully analyze our experience and draw lessons from it to make effective adjustments and improvements. China’s success in development eloquently shows China’s political system has powerful vitality.

(Originally appeared in People’s Tribune, February 2011)

  Assessing from Three Perspectives of the CPC

  Ya Yan

 First, the CPC has been in power longer than any other ruling political party in the world today. Western countries practice a two-party or multi-party system featuring frequent regime change, making it rare for any one party to stay in power for long. The CPC’s position as the ruling party has been stable for a long time, showing that this party has always unwaveringly put the interests of the people first, worked to develop the country and make it strong, kept up with the tide of the times, continually adjusted itself, improved itself and changed itself. Second, since the CPC was established in 1921, it has led the people in the Agrarian Revolutionary War, the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the War of Liberation. Through 28 years of difficult struggle, the Chinese people were finally able to completely leave behind the humiliating history of severe oppression, bullying and trampling of Western countries that began with the Opium War of 1840. Following the institution of the reform and opening up policy, the CPC has been leading the Chinese people in determinedly following a path of socialist modernization, making giant strides in economic and social development. The country’s GDP exceeded that of Japan in 2010, putting the country in second place and substantially raising its international status. This should undoubtedly be considered a miracle in the history of modern political parties. Third, following the dramatic changes that took place in Eastern Europe and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, some foreign observers said that Chinese people used to say “only socialism can save China,” but the truth is now that “only China can save socialism.” Some foreign scholars also expressed this view following the financial tsunami of 2008, that “only socialism can save the world.” Under the leadership of the CPC, China has been following a path of socialism with Chinese characteristics since the institution of the reform and opening up policy. It has also been advocating that each country should be responsible for its own development in line with that country’s history, culture and realities and that no country should unilaterally try to forcefully export its value system, social system and economic model to all other countries of the world as though they constitute a universal truth.

(Originally appeared in China Youth Daily, May 9, 2011)

  The Ideological Underpinning of China’s Development

  Nan Zhensheng

 China’s development achievements have won extensive recognition at home and abroad, but some persons in the West don’t associate China’s development achievements with socialist ideology and the socialist system and deny the guiding role of socialist philosophy in China’s social development. In discussing the development achievements of China, one cannot avoid discussing the ideology of China. First of all, the reason why China was able to pass a new milestone in social development is precisely because innovations of the socialist ideology opened the curtain on the reform and opening up policy. “Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.” The ideological and cultural topics in the unprecedented round of discussion set off by this saying were extremely wide-ranging and profound. The full ideological examination and deep reflection it sparked swept away the ideological barriers hindering the introduction of the reform and opening up policy and it has been called a milestone in enhancing the ideology of the modern socialist movement. Second, the major strides China has made in development are all closely related to the theoretical innovations made in the ideology of China. China’s rural reform is the breakthrough point for national reform. Rural reform, with the household contract responsibility system at its core, touched on fundamental issues in the understanding of socialism such as what the nature of the socialist system of ownership is and how many forms public ownership can take. Consideration of these issues allowed us to begin extending reform from the countryside to urban areas. The changes and giant strides brought about by ideological innovation are even more prominently manifested in the introduction and development of the theory of the socialist market economy. Third, China has learnt from the latest human achievements in social development and adapted Marxism to the realities of China and the character of the times through ideological innovation. These efforts allow China to form the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, which provides powerful ideological drive for China’s development. One must take into consideration both China’s sustained and steady economic growth and ideological innovation in order to truly understand the secret behind China’s development achievements.

(Originally appeared in Wenhui Daily, February 14, 2011)

  Basic lessons in Adapting Marxism to Conditions in China                               

  Liu Xianchun

 Chinese Communists have learned valuable lessons from their experience in adapting Marxism to conditions in China. First, we must always both believe in Marxism and develop Marxism. We are adapting Marxism to conditions in China on the basis of upholding Marxism. This bidirectional, interactive process is the theoretical basis for realizing the adaptation of Marxism to China’s situation. Second, we must always have a scientific understanding of China’s situation and the character of the times. Chinese Communists through different periods in history have constantly promoted theoretical innovation to advance the process of adapting Marxism to conditions in China on the basis of an objective understanding of China’s situation and a scientific assessment of the character of the times as well as the realities of the historical development of Chinese society. Third, we must always maintain close ties with the people. The past generations of collective leadership of the CPC all conscientiously viewed the mass viewpoint and the mass line as fine traditions and political advantages, took into considerations the particular historical conditions of the different periods and constantly improved and developed the mass line and the mass viewpoint in running the Party and the government. Fourth, we must always organically integrate Marxism with China’s traditional culture. This is an important part of the process of adapting Marxism to conditions in China. While critically carrying forward the best of China’s traditional culture and constantly improving and developing Marxism, we must use Marxism to transform traditional Chinese culture so that there is a bidirectional interactive relationship between the two. We are constantly promoting cultural innovation in adapting Marxism to conditions in China and building a people’s national and scientific socialist culture with Chinese characteristics.

(Originally appeared in Gansu Daily, May 9, 2011)

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