The Leadership of the CPC Is a Consequence of History

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  The Leadership of the CPC Is a Consequence of History   

  Yao Huan

    The most shocking and thought provoking event in the East in the 20th century was the rise of China from the ashes of humiliation and despair. Over the course of a century, various forces struggled and competed on the political stage of modern and contemporary China, acting out a series of earthshaking events. Many forces fell as quickly as they arose, just “flashes in the pan,” until the CPC finally established itself in the leadership position. This was the consequence of the trend of history and the people’s desire. The experiment with a multi-party system failed because the Western style capitalist political system was not able to flourish in a semi-colonial, semi-feudal land like China. It was not that chance particularly favored the CPC, nor was it some chance factor that put the CPC in the leadership position. Instead, it was the two great historical tasks facing modern and contemporary China that could only be accomplished under the leadership of the advanced CPC. The choice of the people is the inevitable consequence of the course of history. The CPC won the trust and support of the people through a bitter and hard struggle and selfless contributions for the cause of the people and thus established its position of leadership. As China’s revolution unfolded, the people who supported a middle road lost their vision, began to see that China’s hope lay with the CPC and made the political decision to embrace the CPC, giving the leadership of the CPC the broadest political and social base. 

(From Party Building, No. 6, 2009)

  Value Orientation of Ideology in Contemporary China

  Hou Huiqin

    There are three basic value orientations in the formation of ideology in China in the new period: One is the world view (Marxist worldview and methodology), two is the contemporary trend (socialist modernization) and three is Chinese characteristics (combination of the first two in contemporary China). The value orientation of “Chinese characteristics” has become the core concept of Chinese ideology and the basis for its renewal. This concept indicates that whether something is appropriate or not and how a value is to be judged depends on whether or not it is conducive to China’s socialist modernization. There is no abstract, ideal criterion so we cannot abandon this concrete criterion to engage in abstract debate. Therefore, we must carry out reform and opening up and fully absorb all of the finest advances in human civilization to effectively improve the productive forces and living standards in China. We must also continue China’s socialist orientation, foster a common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics and effectively balance the increasingly complex diversity of interests in society to preserve social harmony and stability. The core concept of “Chinese characteristics” fully reflects the three main new images of contemporary China. First is the image of reform and opening up rooted in China’s development and closely tied to global trends. Second is the cooperative and stable image of external peaceful development and domestic stability and unity. Third is the image of having the courage to take responsibility in acting independently, keeping the initiative in the nation’s own hands and remaining strong in the face of fallacies and anything sinister.

(From Leading Journal of Ideological & Theoretical Education, No. 8, 2009)

  Characteristics of China’s Political Reform

  Fang Ning

    In speaking about the achievements made in the development of Chinese politics since the founding of New China 60 years ago, especially in speaking about reform of the political system in the 30 years since the institution of the reform and opening up policy, the most prominent characteristic was to promote improvement in the political system by addressing concrete issues. It would be even more appropriate to carry out reform of the political system by addressing concrete problems. Carrying out trial reforms of the political system and testing it for vitality through actual practice is a responsible method for the people and the state. The orientation of China’s reform of the political system is two-fold. First is the general principle of avoiding extremes, which it should be said is now gradually becoming commonly recognized in society. Second is that China must follow its own path. The core concept of the development path of Chinese politics is the democratic model of “three in one.” This refers to the combination of the leadership of the CPC, the position of the people as masters of the country, and the rule of law. As for our current stage of development, it would be most appropriate to follow a democratic political model in which we are expanding participation, promoting consultation and strengthening oversight. We must resolutely carry out reform of the Chinese political system, continue to follow our own path, guarantee democratic rights, and ensure that the legitimate rights and interests of all sectors of society are protected to ensure continued political stability and social development.

(From Beijing Daily, October 12, 2009)

  The Primary Factor behind the “Chinese Miracle”

  Ren Zhongping

    When people today discuss the factors behind China’s modernization, looking for the secret behind China’s miraculous development, they often have trouble figuring out the true situation. According to the analysis of some people, “China’s decision to develop a market economy was the decisive factor,” but development of a market system in a developing country is a common phenomenon, so why has the result been so different in China? The explanation of some people is that “the Chinese people are better able to withstand hardship and are hard working,” but Chinese people have always been hard working throughout their history, so why has this miracle only occurred during the last 60 years since the founding of New China? Some people believe that “change and reform have driven development,” but many countries in Latin America as well as the former USSR have engaged in change and reform, resulting in political turmoil and even dissolution of the country, so why has only China been able to brave the waves to engage in modernization in the midst of stability? These various points of view all apply to some extent in explaining China’s success, but none of them are the primary, decisive factor, the “silver bullet.” The central factor behind the “Chinese miracle” of New China is the “decisive role of political leadership.” This is the fortunate condition for New China—we have the Communist Party of China that takes the interests of the people as its purpose and national rejuvenation as its task, has a broad social base, exercises strict organizational discipline, has a high degree of ideological consensus and is very capable of mobilizing society. The strong leadership of the CPC and the socialist system established by the Party determine the nature and orientation of China’s “socialist modernization,” and they constitute the political prerequisite and institutional foundation for smooth progress in modernization.

(From People’s Daily, September 27, 2009)

  The New Patriotism of China

  Mei Ninghua

    “New patriotism,” a term that has only emerged in recent years, reflects the profound changes that have taken place in Chinese society. In recent years, particularly since 2008, China has had to deal with a series of major incidents and undertaken a series of major activities. The country fought the effects of snow and ice storms in the south, combated Tibet independence separatist activities, recovered from a massive earthquake and hosted the Olympics. These events have fully brought out the patriotism of the Chinese nation, moved the whole country and the world, and resulted in the expression of the “new patriotism.” The profound changes that have taken place in Chinese society since the institution of the reform and opening up policy some 30 years ago and the impact on the world’s political and economic landscape make the dynamic emergence of the “new patriotism” a historical inevitability. There are a number of manifestations and characteristics of the “new patriotism.” There is an unprecedented pride and love for the country among Chinese citizens and they are highly conscious of their patriotism. In addition, patriotism is more widespread than ever and is highly rational. Therefore, the “new patriotism” cannot be equated with nationalism, let alone extreme nationalism. Furthermore, the “new patriotism” cannot be considered an abstract, empty or fixed concept and no absurd conditions can be placed on patriotism. The “new patriotism” is the spiritual force behind the formation of the broadest patriotic united front and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

(From Beijing Daily, August 3, 2009)

  The Superiority of the Chinese System of Political Parties

  Zhou Yuyun

    It cannot be said that China has not emulated and borrowed from Western-style political systems in its modern history. After the Revolution of 1911, China had over 300 political parties. New parties were constantly emerging and quickly splitting into different factions with diverse views and purposes, making attempts at unity more difficult to succeed. The elections for the parliament between December 1912 and March 1913 were plagued by constant scandal, such as recruiting people to vote under false names, buying votes with money or food and drink, coercing votes and false reporting of vote tallies. Although the Kuomintang became the major party in the parliament through elections and the acting chairman of the party, Song Jiaoren, thought he could organize the cabinet himself, his assassination at the hands of Yuan Shikai burst the bubble on the dream of a multi-party democratic political system. After this, most of the political parties disappeared in a puff of smoke. It can be seen that copying a Western-style system of political parties without regard for conditions in China just will not work. The system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the CPC is based on conditions in China. It combines the advantages of many different systems of political parties and exhibits its own characteristics as well. It is not a one-party system, but a system of multi-party cooperation. It is a system of multi-party cooperation that is built on a common political and economic base and serves the socialist cause. It is not a two-party system, but a system in which one party is in power with the participation of other parties. Time has shown that this system of political parties with Chinese characteristics has played a positive role in promoting Chinese political and economic development and safeguarding social stability.

(From People’s Daily, September 29, 2009)

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