The Chinese Model Gives Us Hope That China Will Be the First to Recover

From: English Edition of Qiushi Journal Updated: 2011-09-19 20:13
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  The Chinese Model Gives Us Hope That China Will Be the First to Recover

  Liu Guoguang 

    Although China has been involved in the current world economic crisis and sustained heavy losses, relatively speaking, the impact has not been too serious. Quite a few people in other countries also believe that the Chinese economy may be the first to recover and even expect that “China will save the world,” and “China will save capitalism.” Why does China have the ability to accomplish so much in the midst of a crisis? This is related to the socialist model with Chinese characteristics practiced by China. It is also because the socialist economic model with Chinese characteristics not only features socialist economic factors, but also allows the existence of capitalist factors as well. To put it simply, China allows development of the market and the private sector, but does not do so thoroughly and still has some reservations about it. For instance, the state sector retains a very strong presence in key economic sectors. The various major measures China has adopted to cope with the crisis have demonstrated the country’s ability to mount rapid, effective and concerted efforts to accomplish major achievements through planning and regulation, an ability that has been admired and praised by some capitalist countries. At the same time, China has been cautious in adapting to economic globalization. For instance, the country’s capital accounts have not been completely liberalized and banking operations have not been completely brought in line with those of foreign countries. This has lessened the impact of the economic crisis on the Chinese economy and allowed China to do well in coping with the crisis. To sum up, China has not copied the free market economic model of Europe and the United States. Although there are capitalist factors in the Chinese economy, which has led some to mistakenly call the Chinese model “capitalism with Chinese characteristics,” in fact we are still adhering to a socialist model with Chinese characteristics. This is the main reason why we have fared fairly well in this crisis.

(Source: Social Sciences Journal, May 7, 2009)

  Why Chinese Society Is So Able to Adjust and Adapt

  Zheng Hangsheng 

    Chinese society has been extremely good at adjusting and adapting to changes since ancient times. This is an important reason why Chinese society is the world’s only society that has an uninterrupted history of 5,000 years. This extremely strong ability to adjust and adapt has been raised to a new level since the birth of New China. Following the 60 years since the founding of New China, particularly following the severe tests presented by the problems and challenges of the past 30-plus years of reform and opening up, this extremely strong ability to adjust and adapt can now be seen in three interrelated basic elements. First, the Chinese people have a firm common objective that holds all the people in the country together. Second, China has an incomparable ability to mobilize society to concentrate all the resources of society to realize this objective. Third, China has an irreplaceable core leadership force directing the activities of society that the people of the whole country trust. The extremely strong ability to adjust and adapt is reflected in these three basic elements, which give Chinese society its superiority and provide a guarantee for success in efforts to overcome all difficulties and a strong force driving society toward its set objectives.

(Source: Beijing Daily, March 15, 2009)

  China Can Never Adopt the Multi-party System of the West

  Fang Ning

    A multi-party system is an important component of the capitalist political systems practiced by Western countries. Most Western capitalist countries have two or more capitalist political parties that take turns holding power through elections. This system appears to be a democratic system with leaders chosen by the people. But in fact, this system does not change the basic fact that political power in Western capitalist countries is controlled by the bourgeoisie holding leading government positions, especially powerful groups wielding great amounts of capital. China can never adopt a Western-style multi-party system; it must follow a political development path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. China is now in a key stage of realizing socialist modernization and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, as well as in a “golden stage” of development and a stage in which social contradictions stand out. During this stage, various kinds of contradictions among the people crop up in big numbers accompanied by social imbalances along with rapid social development. It is in the greatest and most fundamental interest of the Chinese people right now to unite as one, seize opportunities and realize development. For this reason, we must keep differences in interests and contradictions among the people to a minimum so that they do not affect the overall situation. In fact, China has already found and embarked on a correct path of political development – a path of political development of socialism with Chinese characteristics. This path is helpful in forming general and specific policies that reflect the overall interests, long-term interests and fundamental interests of the Chinese people as well as helpful in making unified planning with due consideration for different interests.

(Source: People’s Daily, February 9, 2009)

  The Significance of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics to World History

  Yu Keping

    Viewed as a comparison with other countries, the socialist road with Chinese characteristics may also be called “China’s road,” “the Chinese experience,” or “the Chinese model.” It is a series of strategies and tactics for realizing socialist modernization against a backdrop of globalization. The formation and development of socialism with Chinese characteristics involves both adapting Marxism to local conditions and modernizing it in China as well as adapting socialism to local conditions and modernizing it in China. This has not only greatly changed the course of Chinese history, but, to a certain degree, the course of world history as well. It is an important process with great significance to world history. First, it has enriched people’s understanding of the laws and course of social development. Second, to a certain extent, it has changed the political and economic pattern of today’s world. Third, it has restructured the relationship between socialism and capitalism. Fourth, it has been changing the theory and practice of international socialism and communism. Fifth, it has promoted and developed Marxist theory. Sixth, it has made it obvious that socialism with Chinese characteristics needs to be enriched and developed.

(Source: People’s Tribune, No. 24, 2008)

  Values Change with the Times

  Li Yanming

    “Democracy” is not a common understanding that has been around since the dawn of human society. It has only been gradually accepted by different social classes and nations in modern times in tandem with the development of socialization of the economy and the spread of republicanism. During and before the Middle Ages, monarchy was the universal value concept, not a democratic system, and inequality was the norm rather than equality. At that time, inequality was considered right and proper not only in China but also widely in Europe, even by people at the bottom of the social ladder. Therefore, it can be seen that universal values change with the times. Even people’s understanding of the value of humankind has changed with social development. Democracy, as a form of administration of a country, indicates what portion of the people enjoys sovereign rights: all the voters or only voters belonging to a certain social class. It is a relationship among people. And the people who enjoy sovereign rights, viz. the sovereigns, constitute an entity. The formula of so-called bourgeois democracy is justifiable only in the sense that the sovereigns are the bourgeoisie. And only when the sovereigns are the proletariat is the formula of so-called proletarian democracy in a sense justifiable. Just as monarchy naturally has different concrete forms and characteristics in different countries, the democratic system also takes different concrete forms and characteristics in different countries. Copying the concrete forms and practices of the political system existing in another country in a certain period will not work.

(Source: Studies on Marxism, No. 9, 2008)

  Correctly Handle the Relations between National Spirit and Nationalism

  Feng Ziyi

     In the face of China’s rapid development, some people in the West are badly worried about China’s call for “promoting and nurturing Chinese national spirit” and “realizing revival of the Chinese nation,” in the belief that China is practicing nationalism in a big way; and some “cosmopolitans” have also done their best to advocate that the idea of “national country” should be abandoned. Now, in initiating, promoting and nurturing the Chinese national spirit and realizing revival of the Chinese nation we are not in the least being engaged in any extremist nationalism, still less trying to dominate the world, but trying to be self-confident, stand on our own feet and improve ourselves, accelerate the process of our development and strive to make greater contributions to humankind. Therefore, this is entirely different from the so-called “Chinese threat” alleged by some Westerners. Of course, to promote and cultivate the spirit of the Chinese nation, it is necessary to break away from the narrow nationalist field of vision. If a country wants to realize rapid and healthy development, it should never detach itself from the world but must adapt itself to the tide of globalization. The development of a national spirit is also the same. This requires that we have an open state of mind to take actions in developing the culture and national spirit of our country. For this reason, we must overcome the narrow nationalist views which are not suited to the tide of globalization. Although these views seem to have pushed the interests and values of a country to a supreme position, they are in fact unable to effectively safeguard and develop the interests and values of a country, for they restrict the vision of the people, give up absorption of rational factors and the ultimate result can only be likened to drawing a circle on the ground as a prison for oneself or cocooning oneself like silkworms. Therefore, under the conditions of globalization, it is necessary to establish a reasonable and open nationalist view, because only with such a view it is possible to adapt ourselves to the tide of globalization and help form the national spirit of this country.

(Source: Beijing Daily, May 18, 2009)

  The Financial Crisis Is a Necessary Result of the Movement of the Basic Contradictions of Capitalism

  Zhang Leisheng

    The movement of the basic contradictions of capitalism worldwide has had manifold manifestations in the course of economic globalization, such as expansion of the contradictions and evils of the market economy, expansion of the motives and purposes of capital, expansion of the unbalanced economic and political development of capitalism of one country, and expansion of polarization in the development of capitalism of one country in the whole world. In the development of the world economy of our time, the most outstanding aspect in the movement of the basic contradictions of capitalism is accelerated financial speculation and plunder by financial monopoly capital worldwide. Owing to the rapid development of the financial industry and financial derivatives, the gambling and speculative nature of the capitalist economy has become more and more apparent and intensified. With financial speculative activities becoming more rampant, the financial system and “real economy” will be seriously separated and fictitious capital will be amazingly inflated. The financial speculation has brought huge financial risks. Once the financial bubbles break or a sudden change in the direction of flow of capital or a catastrophic floating of the exchange rate takes place, there will be a chain reaction with extremely destructive consequences, throwing the entire global financial system into a crisis. Therefore, an intensification of the basic contradictions of capitalism will inevitably lead to a capitalist financial crisis/economic crisis.

(Source: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Review, Nov. 11, 2008)

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